Sri Lanka officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon), is an island country in South Asia near south-east India With this country location Sri Lanka has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.
Our documented history spans 3,000 years and evidence of pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years. Because of the perfect geographic location and deep harbors[some natural harbors also ] the country was known as Ceylon During the British colonial period to until 1972.the country was fully effected and marred by 30 years civil war until Sri Lankan military defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in 2009.
As a multicultural country in this land we have many religions, ethnic groups, and languages. the majority Sinhalese, it is home to large groups of Sri Lankan and Indian Tamils, Moors, Burghers, Malays, Kaffirs and the aboriginal Vedda with this everything it s such a rich Buddhist heritage.
Sri Lanka is a republic and a unitary state governed by a semi-presidential system. commercial and largest capital is Colombo city and legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.
Sri Lanka was the very famous country, most of the old travelers, traders and invaders, they had been used different kind of names to call Sri Lanka in that period of time
When the Portuguese arrived to Sri Lanka in 1505 they translate the name as Ceylon it was continued until 1972.with the 1948 independence from the British and In 1972, its formal name was changed to “Free, Sovereign and Independent Republic of Sri Lanka” then in 1978 it was changed to the “Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka” the history was like that with Portuguese, Dutch and British Ruling till 1948.
The pre-history of Sri Lanka goes back 125,000 years and sometimes it will be 50000 years. From many places we have already found a human settlement which dates back to the prehistoric period with Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and anatomically Humans that all details from Pahiyangala,Batadombalena,Belilena, places, like that had a kingdoms[Auradapura>Polonnaruwa>Dambadeniya>Yapahuwa>Kurunegala>Gampola>kotte>Mahanuwara] from the Prehistoric period to until the end of the Kandy kingdom as well as The Ramayanaya story and the “Sri Lankan Wadda Early inhabitants peoples of Sri Lanka, this everything is the best example for Prehistoric Sri Lanka’s as well as history of Sri Lanka also
Like that with 65610 square Kilometers land, 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 21 National parks, 250 acres of botanical gardens, 1,330 kilometers of coastline and beautiful beaches, nearly 500,000 acres of lush tea estates, 350 waterfalls, 25,000 water bodies and with 2500 years extended culture Sri Lanka is Standing these days also like a wonder of Asia, Pearl of the Indian Ocean because we are such a worthy country with everything